Quais são os principais sistemas de armazenagem e suas funções?

Quais são os principais sistemas de armazenagem e suas funções?

Os materiais devem ser contabilizados para apurar os custos envolvidos e estimar o preço de venda para o mercado consumidor. Além disso, é preciso manter os níveis de estoque no nível correto, evitando as faltas e os desperdícios. Todo gerente logístico sabe que ela é fundamental para a cadeia logística e de produção. Quando bem executada, assegura o atendimento eficaz dos pedidos, o cumprimento de processos just in time e impede a falta de um produto ou material.

Podemos dizer que a gestão de entregas é uma das atividades mais importantes para que se entenda como funciona um centro de distribuição. Para que não aconteçam atrasos no envio de mercadorias aos clientes, é necessário um bom alinhamento entre as datas de recebimento de fornecedores, solicitação e entrega de pedidos aos clientes. Outra peculiaridade do CD são as tecnologias que realizam toda a gestão da cadeia de processos.

Quando você consegue implementar a tecnologia de maneira precisa no seu empreendimento, consegue gerar agilidade nos processos, redução de custos e maior controle. Após essa etapa, as mercadorias são encaminhadas self storage bh para o setor de armazenagem (também conhecido como picking). Quando acontece essa última situação, o centro de distribuição segue com o processo de crossdocking que visa reduzir estoques e custos de armazenagem.

Os tipos de armazenagem

Já a armazenagem terceirizada, é operada por uma empresa contratada conhecida no mercado como Operador Logístico. Já o outro, que é o Sistema de Gerenciamento de Armazém , ajuda a organizar e controlar todas as etapas de armazenamento e atividades relacionadas. Como citamos no tópico anterior, o profissional de logística lida com muitas pessoas e para que essa relação seja positiva, a comunicação precisa ser clara e assertiva. Assim, há várias responsabilidades que envolvem a revisão e o controle desses processos. É preciso ter bastante atenção aos detalhes e eficiência ao executar as tarefas.

Abrigar o estoque com segurança, adquirir mais agilidade no fluxo de produtos para a expedição e reduzir custos incentivam o uso da armazenagem. Em nível de importância nos processos de armazenagem, o recebimento não é a etapa que tem a maior atenção, mas é nessa etapa que serão definidas informações importantes que gerarão mais velocidade na separação e maior produtividade das equipes operacionais. No recebimento, são feitas as operações de conferência por quantidade, inspeção e identificação das mercadorias. Ainda, ele tem um papel fundamental na negociação e na sugestão de melhorias, pois um dos principais desafios da profissão é otimizar os processos e reduzir custos. Tem extrema importância nos custos de aquisição e estoques, pois podem facilmente impactar a margem. As operações de armazenagem realizadas dentro da empresa dividem-se em recebimento, guarda e expedição.

O que faz o setor de armazenagem?

Muita gente define estoque, exclusivamente, como a guarda de matérias-primas, enquanto armazenagem seria exclusiva para produtos acabados. A estocagem pode ser conceituada, de maneira simples e didática, como o ato de desenvolver ou criar estoque. Trata-se de mais uma estratégia logística vital para qualquer negócio — independentemente do porte ou segmento de atuação. Os estoques e os armazéns são elementos essenciais para o desenvolvimento da logística e também representam um ponto de muita atenção para os profissionais da área. Por isso, entender todos os detalhes que dizem respeito a eles é o primeiro passo para uma logística de excelência. Ao contratar um tipo de serviço de armazenagem, é preciso estudar os fornecedores disponíveis para realizar o trabalho, seu histórico, clientes e avaliações para não ter surpresas desagradáveis futuramente.

Quais são as estratégias envolvidas em cada uma dessas atividades?

Os silos são normalmente utilizados para armazenagem de rações e produtos agrícolas que, na maioria das vezes, são depositados no interior da estocagem sem estarem ensacados. Ela engloba acompanhar o que tem mais solicitação e mais saída e as épocas em que mais acontecem. Muitas vezes é preciso olhar também o lado comercial, como fazer boas parcerias, ter fornecedores de confiança, que atuem com prazos e qualidade de entregas compatíveis com o nível de eficiência que o local pretende atingir. Em outros casos, podem se concentrar em diferentes cidades, dependendo da demanda maior por uma mercadoria em determinada região ou não.

Como funciona o curso em logística?

Esse processo pode ser realizado manualmente, porém, é muito ineficiente e ultrapassado para movimentação de mercadorias. Atualmente, os controles de movimentação de mercadorias em armazéns são feitos por softwares com algoritmos inteligentes e com altos níveis de automação com hardwares. Nessa etapa as mercadorias são identificadas com um código de barras e este será a referência para qualquer movimentação ou contagem dos produtos desde a entrada até a expedição. Cabe ainda dizer que o profissional de Logística encontra vagas em empresas de diferentes portes e segmentos, podendo trabalhar em áreas como almoxarifado, recebimento, planejamento, controle de produção e compras, entre outras.

Para a Prestex, cada entrega é única e ganha vida dentro de um universo de processos controlados pela inteligência e alta performance nos serviços. “Ele consegue otimizar os espaços para utilização”, conta a especialista em logística. Gestão de armazenagem se dá e de que modo se pode melhorar os processos envolvidos nela, fica mais fácil identificar quais pontos desse trabalho precisam ser aprimorados e aplicar as melhores dicas para torná-la mais efetiva. Contar com um sistema WMS, ou seja, um sistema de gerenciamento de armazém, pode facilitar essa rotina de processos. Embora o treinamento seja importante, um sistema assim permitirá que o armazém conte menos com a experiência das pessoas, mas que ao mesmo tempo ajude-as a otimizar as funções que desempenham.

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